Chord/Scale Chart

The accompanying chart lists the most commonly occurring chords in jazz harmony along with the scales normally associated with each. The chords are grouped into the four basic categories of major, minor, dominant, and half diminished. In a pinch, any scale from any chord in any one of these categories can be used for any other chord in that category. There is an additional category for miscellaneous chords at the end. There are many more possible scales and chords. However, these are the most important ones in traditional jazz harmony.

        Chord                                 Scale

                       C major, C lydian, C major bebop
 Cmaj7, Cmaj9, C6, C   C major pentatonic, G major pentatonic

 Cmaj7#11              C lydian, B in sen

                       C dorian, C minor bebop, C minor pentatonic
 Cm7, Cm9, Cm11, Cm    F major pentatonic, Bb major pentatonic
                       Eb major bebop, C blues, C minor

                       C dorian, C melodic minor, C minor pentatonic,
 Cm6, Cm               F major pentatonic, Bb major pentatonic,
                       C minor bebop, Eb major bebop, D in sen

 Cm-maj7               C melodic minor, C harmonic minor, Eb major bebop

 Cm7b6                 C minor, Ab major pentatonic

 Cm7b9                 C phrygian, C phrygian #6

                       C mixolydian, C lydian dominant, C dominant bebop,
 C7, C9, C13, C        C blues, C major pentatonic

 C7sus, Csus, C11      C mixolydian
 Bb/C, Gm7/C           C suspended pentatonic, F major pentatonic

 C7#11, C7             C lydian dominant

 C7alt, C7#9#5, C7#9   C altered, F harmonic minor, F melodic minor

 C7b9b5, C7b9          C HW diminished, F harmonic minor, F melodic minor

 C7aug, C7+, C7#5      C whole tone

 Cm7b5                 C locrian #2, C locrian

 Cdim7                 C WH diminished

                       C phrygian, C phrygian #6, C Spanish phrygian
 Cphryg                C in sen

 Cmaj7#5               C lydian augmented, C major bebop

 C7susb9               C phrygian #6, C phrygian

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